Tonina Sp. Belem
- Synonyms: Tonina sp. 'Belem' (erroneous)
- Hardiness: Difficult
- Light Needs: High
- Plant Structure: Stem
- Family: Eriocaulaceae
- Genus: Syngonanthus
- Region: Central/South America
- Location: Brazil
- Size: Stem width: 5-6cm (2-2.5in)
- Growth Rate: Medium
- Can Be Grown Emersed: Yes
Syngonanthus sp. 'Belem' (likely Syngonanthus anomalus) was first introduced into the aquarium plant hobby by the Japanese company Rayon Vert. This delicate species inhabits very soft, blackwater rivers and streams near the mouth of the Amazon River. The name 'Belem' refers to the city near where it was first collected. Long known in much of the hobby as Tonina sp. 'Belem', it differs from the true, and only, Tonina species by its capitate inflorescences on long scapes, which are similar to those of typical Eriocaulon species and arise from the crown of a stem. In contrast, the inflorescences of Tonina fluviatilis arise from nodes all over the stem and have very short peduncles.
Syngonanthus sp. 'Belem' has a reputation for being difficult to grow but is rather forgiving provided its basic requirements are met. This plant requires strong lighting (3 watts per gallon or more), CO2 supplementation, and soft water; for strongest growth, KH readings should not exceed 4, with 2 or lower being best. As with all species from its genus, Syngonanthus sp. 'Belem' will appreciate an acidic substrate such as Aquasoil or Florabase. Ample iron in the water column or substrate is required to maintain the bright green coloration that is characteristic of healthy specimens.
This Syngonanthus species gains height at a moderate pace, as it puts most of its energy into growing a profusion of side shoots. When pruning is necessary, cut and replant only the top two inches of each stem for best results, since starting with trimmings that are too tall will result in the lower portions becoming laden with roots and appearing wasted. Shorter trimmings will grow out into cleaner, healthier, and more attractive stalks.
Due to its unique appearance and growth habit, Syngonanthus sp. 'Belem' is a tricky subject to integrate into an aquascape. It is most effectively used as a midground accent in medium- to large-sized aquariums where it can form an excellent contrast to unruly grassy plants (Sagittaria subulata, for example). This species can also be very attractive in layouts dedicated to the genera Tonina and Eriocaulon.
National - INDIA
We ship by several different shipping methods. Please select appropriate shipping method during checkout based on your ordered item. To know what shipping method will be applicable to you, please see MMH Shopping Tutorial link.
Live Fishes / Small Animals / Cages / Aquariums shipping by Train only. And by Air & Bus at extra charges. No door delivery.
Live Plants shipping by Speed Post or Courier. We recommend Courier and it is with Live Arrival Gurantee.
Accessories / General Items shipping via India Post by registered post parcel or priority post on prior request on extra charges.
Note: Example: for small cities like Noida, Ghaziabad etc., consignment by Train/Bus will be shipped to nearest logistically accessible city like Delhi.
Overseas - INTERNATIONAL
We ship by either Speed Post or Courier. Shipping prices are different from country to country for each product and will cost €6.50+ onward.
Please confirm with us for shipping price for your interested products. As we do not ship overseas certain products like certain chemicals, live fishes, and other sensitive items.
International Registered Post Parcel: Transit period between 20-60 working days is expected. Suitable for general accessory, liquids and electronic items.
International Speed Post EMS: Transit period between 10-15 working days is expected. Suitable for general accessory and Live Plants. (Tracking available)
International DHL: Transit period between 3-5 working days is expected. Suitable for general accessory and electronic items. (Tracking available)
We do not ship any tangible products to following countries: Argentina, Bangladesh, Belgium, Congo, Denmark, El Salvador, Guyana, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Luxemburg, Maldives, Mexico, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Tunisia, Yemen etc. (downloadable products like ebooks are allowed)
For Product Returns please see Terms & Conditions page.
Acceptable payment methods:
|Payment Method||Item Types|
|Credit Card / Debit Card / Net Banking / Wallet / Phone Payment||Live Plants|
Aquariums (values below Rs.3500)
|NEFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) / IMPS / Bank Draft / Cheque||Fishes|
Aquariums (values above Rs.3500)
The photo/video is for illustrative purposes only.